Gain a better understanding of research as well as how to better implement it.

Therapeutic Effects of Dry Needling.

NOV 10, 2018 - Dry Needling

Dry needling is one of many intervention methods physical therapists can employ to treat neuromuscular and musculoskeletal conditions to help improve pain, disability, and function. In order to effectively dry needle a specific body region, a therapist uses a thin filiform needle to penetrate the skin into underlying muscle and connective tissue with the goal of eliciting neurophysiological effects that decrease local and central pain responses(Flannagan, 2013).

Running& Hamstring Injuries 

NOV 10, 2018 - Life Style

In order to accurately examine for hamstring injuries, hamstring strength should be assessed in prone with the hip stabilized at 0 degrees of hip extension at both 15 and 90 degrees of knee flexion with resisted manual muscle testing.

Neurophysiologic Effects of Lumbar Spine Manipulation

NOV 10, 2018 - Life Style

Recent research, however, suggests an alternative that positive outcomes with joint mobilization techniques may be attributed more to increases in mechanoreceptor stimulation and motor neuron excitability (Cleland et al., 2009). These neurophysiological effects are dependent upon the velocity of the mobilizing force applied, and therefore suggest better outcomes with high-velocity thrust vs low-velocity nonthrust procedures.

Therapeutic Exercise & Manual Therapy for Cervicogenic Headaches. 

NOV 10, 2018 - Life Style

It can be estimated that approximately 7 million Americans suffer from headaches on a basis of at least every other day, with a considerable amount of these headaches being cervicogenic in origin where the pain originates in thecervical spine and refers to the head.

Assessing The Sacroilliac Joint

NOV 10, 2018 - Life Style

The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) serves as the mechanical junction between the pelvis and the spine. While some regard its contribution toward lumbar spine symptoms as unimportant or irrelevant, about 13% of patients with chronic low back pain can be accounted for as having symptoms originating from the SIJ, which can either be due to the joint being the direct source of pain, or due to dysfunction in the arthrokinematics of the joint (Laslett, 2008).

Shoulder Pain & Second Rib Syndrome 

NOV 10, 2018 - Life Style

Shoulder pain is a broad and varied symptom commonplace to a multitude of different pathologies affecting the glenohumeral joint, with partial tear of the rotator cuff musculature and impingement syndrome being two of the most common diagnoses. These conditions are often misdiagnosed....


Dr. Brandon Cruz



Assessing 3 Types of Squats 

The authors take a closer look at the biomechanics of three squat variations – the traditional squat, the powerlifting squat, and the box squat.

How to recognize CAD/ VBI

In a study by Kerry et al. (2008) Cervical Arterial Dysfunction (CAD) is an all-encompassing term used to describe a myriad of pathologies associated with all of the arterial structures found in the cervical spine. 

The Truth About Concussions 

As the dangers and risks of concussions become more apparent, we more frequently find new and novel devices being sold in sporting goods stores that claim to prevent or reduce concussions. 

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